Phonetic Guide

Back

letter

symbol

sound as

آ، ا

â

/â/ as in far

ب

b

/b/ as in bed

پ

p

/p/ as in pen

ت، ط

t

/t/ as in tea

ث، س، ص

s

/s/ as in sad

ج

j

/j/ as in jet

چ

ch

/ch/ as in chair

ح، ه

h

/h/ as in hall

خ

kh

/kh/ as Spanish j

د

d

/d/ as in door

ذ، ز، ض، ظ

z

/z/ as in zoo

ر

r

/r/ as in red

ش

sh

/sh/ as in she

غ، ق

q

/q/ as French r

ع

/’/

[glottal stop]

ژ

zh

/zh/ as in beige

ف

f

/f/ as in fat

ک

k

/k/ as in kill

گ

g

/g/ as in leg

ل

l

/l/ as in lamp

م

m

/m/ as in man

ن

n

/n/ as in note

و

v

/v/ as in van

ی

y

/y/ as in yolk

او ،ـو

u

/u/ as in rude

ایـ، ـیـ

i

/i/ as in seed

ِ  ،ـه

e

/e/ as in bed

ُ

o

/o/ as in road

َ

a

/a/ as in bad

ً

an

/an/ as in an

ّ

 

[germination]

ء، ئ، أ، ؤ

/ ’ /

[glottal stop]

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